Do you know why diabetes can be one of the most dangerous diseases?
It is because diabetes does not cause any pain or any specific symptom. It is a silent disease.
The person who has diabetes may be diagnosed months or even years after their blood sugar was not controlled. There are general symptoms such as frequent urination, feeling thirsty or hungry, fatigue, blurred vision etc. but none of these are specific and diagnostic for diabetes.
The glucose (sugar) in our body works as a toxin. It causes general inflammation in all organs and tissues leading to complications in nervous system, blood circulation, immune system, eyes, kidneys, etc.
Damage to the nerves causes dry skin, numbness, tingling, feeling like an insect is crawling on the skin, etc. Because the nerves going to the feet are the longest nerves in our body, the first part that a patient with diabetes loses sensation is the feet! The numbness is called neuropathy. Having peripheral neuropathy in feet can put the patient in great risk, as they do not feel if they step on something sharp, or if they have blister, or the dry skin cracks! Corns and callus in patients with advanced diabetes are compared to lumps in patients with breast cancer! These are all alarming signs who need to be addressed by professionals.
As previously mentioned, diabetes impairs the blood circulation and also immune system. All of these, can lead to a disaster as a minor cut in the foot or a tiny blister can be the source of infection and that infection will be much more severe than a normal person with normal circulation and normal immune system.
And that is why some patients with poor blood sugar control end up with foot or leg amputation. If you ask them, they all say it started from a small wound, sometimes overnight! Statistics show that 50% of all lower limb amputations in Canada is due to Diabetes!
But there is also good news! The same statistics also show that the risk of amputation is significantly lower in those patients with diabetes who regularly see health care professionals for routine foot care!
If you want to know more about diabetes and foot complication, how to prevent or slow down these complication, and how to treat diabetic foot complications contact us and book an appointment. We will be very happy to help you with all of your foot health related questions.